Kamis, 26 Februari 2009

THE IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC MATTER AND WATER MANAGEMENT IN SUSTAINING BANJARESE TRADITIONAL LAND MANAGEMENT PETAK, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

Oleh: G. Djajakirana, B. Sumawinata, B. Mulyanto, and Suwardi (2000)

ABSTRACT

The Banjarese Traditional land Management system is considered as an 'adaptive' land management technique to cultivate rice and perennial crops on the potentially acid soils. The success of the system in supporting rice production seem to be related to the organic matter and water management. The study area was focused on Karya Tani village in the swampy area of the south Kalimantan and the measurement and observation were stressed on water and organic matter management. Results of the study showed that water management of leached water from the rice plots and the black water from secondary (Gelam) forest and organic matter amendment in the land preparation process play important role in the success of the Banjarese traditional land management technique. Secondary forest as source of black water that is important in the initial phase of land preparation must be conserved. The reclamation of this forest for new rice plots must consider the environmental carrying capacity of that area.

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